Next we focus on the pattern on the abdomen. Of course, each species have a different pattern, but for this drawing I am doing a garden spider. Another name for this spider is the cross spider because the white spots resemble a cross. I start at the bottom of the abdomen and draw a set of dots along its back before spreading out to either side of this line of dots, applying the rest of the detail. The legs are created by drawing round the lines with a narrow space inbetween and adding small black dots inside them. There are also two leg like things by the head end to draw. These are called palps and are the sexual organs of a spider.
Redraw the spider in pen and shade in any dark or hairy areas. Along the side of each leg, lightly flick an extremely short line for each hair.
Colour in your spider. Try and avoid colouring over the white spots as best you can.
|Web Stage One|
The web that orb weaver spiders, such as my garden spider, is a complex structure, but is reasonably simple enough to draw. First, draw lines radiating out and around the spider. Then starting at the top of the web, weave rows of lines through the radiating spokes, gradually getting smaller and more compact towards the centre of the web.
|Web Stage Two|
Finally, redraw in pen and rub out the pencil. Working each section of the web at a time helps to adjust and neaten the shape of the web.
My next drawing demonstrates how to draw leggy spiders. The common house spider is a good example of a leggy spider. Drawing spiders with long legs can cause a few headaches as they can cross over one another. Here is how I deal with this problem. Draw two ovals for the head and abdomen and then draw the eight legs. These legs are created with long double lines and each leg is divided into three to four sections to represent the bends in the joints.
Next I readjust the body shape and add any body pattern and features. The best way in dealing with the legs so that they do not cause confusion when I redraw the spider in pen is to shade them in. I actually only shade the legs on the side of the spider facing us as dark as possible and a lighter shade on the legs on the other side. Leave a small gap in the legs where the joints are.
Complete your spider by colouring it in.
As it is Halloween, I thought it would be appropiate to make my final drawing for today a tarantula. Tarantulas are the largest kind of spiders in the world. Though they can only be found in the tropics in the wild, tarantulas are popular pets across the world. Drawing a tarantula is similar to when I was drawing my garden spider, just much bigger. A large circle for the head, an oval for the abdomen and the eight legs and two palps. The legs are drawn like a link of three sausages.
Shade in your tarantula, leaving parts of the legs white as well as a 'ring' around the centre part at the head end.
Shade in the black parts of your tarantula and link the outlines of the white areas on the legs with the black parts in pen. Rub out the pencil lines.
Colour in your tarantula. I have added a bit of shadow to make the tarantula a little bit more 3D looking. And my tarantula drawing is complete!
I hope this has inspired you to draw these amazing creatures. Hopefully, this How To Draw has cured your fear of spiders. If it hasn't, I hope my drawings haven't fightened you! Until next time, happy Halloween! Mwhahahaha!!!