Monday, 26 June 2017

June 26th Earlham Cemetery and Whitlingham Broad

Earlham Cemetery in summer
June has been a very quiet month for my invertebrate challenge so far. Though I have added quite a few interesting species to my list, I haven't been able to tick off any of the remaining main targets this month. Despite my efforts, I just cannot find any of them. Thankfully, I have been tipped off recently to where I can find a couple of them by one of you guys (thank you James Emerson). Today, I decided to check them out. First up was a short ride to Earlham Cemetery for wool carder bees.


Grey Squirrel
Wool Carder Bee
I was told to look for lamb's ear that was planted behind the hedge of the war graves area. Once we located these grey, hairy, purple-flowered plants, it wasn't long until I found what I was looking for. Wool carder bees are fond of these plants because they collect the hairy fuzz on the leaves to build their nests with, which is crafted within a hole in a tree or wall. The bee itself is like a large, furry honey bee that has a yellow wasp-like head. They also have rows of yellow spots lined down either side of the back of it's abdomen. This is the first time that I have seen one of these bees before and I have to admit, it is rather cute in a way. So if you have hairy plants in your garden, keep an eye out, you may have these fuzzy bees visiting them.

Hoverfly Myathropa florea
During our short walk in the cemetery, we also saw a few other insects, such as brown hawker dragonflies, hoverflies and moths. But the other main highlight besides the wool carder bee was a green woodpecker. I heard it first, sounding rather alert as if in alarm. Then I managed to spot it taking off from a tombstone and into a tree. We had a couple more brief views of it flying from tree to tree, but it just wouldn't come down for us to get a better look at it.

Hoverfly? (Not sure which)
Hoverfly (not sure which)

After lunch, Mum and I then went for a walk around Whitlingham Broad. I was told that my hoverfly target (or targets since I muddled up the name with the drawing on my tick-sheet) was seen somewhere around here. Though I don't think we saw either a Xanthogramma pedissequum or a  Leucozona lucorum, we did, however, saw a few hoverfly species that were pretty similar. I also saw plenty of other insects from butterflies to dragonflies as well as a whitethroat and the family of mute swans again.

Another Hoverfly that I don't know
Some kind of Wasp (I didn't get the long antennae in shot)
Alder Galls
Dock Bug
Azure Damselfly
Male Black-tailed Skimmer
Female Black-tailed Skimmer
Mute Swan
Canada Geese

Thursday, 22 June 2017

June 22nd Mousehold Heath

Bug hunting at Mousehold Heath
There was a bit of a thunderstorm this morning and the sky remained overcast afterwards. Not the kind of weather to join a group at Mousehold Heath this afternoon to look for insects, but thankfully the rain held out in the end. This was a guided walk led by butterfly expert Andy Brazil, who, along with his friend, were also very good with other insects, too. They were armed with nets, pots and magnifying glasses and looked like professional bug hunters from another era just with modern equipment.

The wildflower patch
Our walk took us from Zak's car park to the closed off field near the golf course on the other side of the road. This field has been managed with wildflower borders along either end of a playing field. Now it is in bloom and just look at it! It is absolutely beautiful with a wide mix of wildflowers such as ox-eyed daisies, scabious, trefoils and many others, creating a mini landscape of blues, whites, greens and yellows. It is quite a contrast to the busy road running alongside it on the other side of the fence.

Essex Skipper
Meadow brown butterflies were everywhere in these tiny pockets of wildflower and were chasing each other in spiralling aerial dances. Tiny blurs of orange fluttering over the various colours of the field betrayed the presence of large and Essex skippers, while the brighter orange of commas were seen in the bramble patches nearby as they sat on the leaves to sun themselves. We also saw a small tortoiseshell doing the same in the middle of the field.

Large Skipper
Meadow Brown
Small Tortoiseshell
Soldier Beetle
It is amazing what you can find if you look carefully enough. Our group were finding all sorts of things hidden in the grass and on the leaves of other plants. The two professional bug hunters leading the group were doing their best in catching them and educating us about what they caught. The captured creatures were passed around the group, giving each of us a closer look. I learnt things I never knew before, such as sexing a fly. Apparently, if their eyes are close together, it is a male and if there is a gap between them, it is a female.

A young Ladybird emerging from it's pupa

A freshly emerged fly (it's wings are not dried out yet)
Burnet Moth Pupa

Sawfly Larva
So what were the main highlights? Well, for me, it had to be the sawfly larvae feeding on the tall stems of grass. They look just like caterpillars, but have more legs (in which most of them are fake) and the head looks slightly different. We also found a hornet hoverfly (a perfect mimicry of a hornet), marmalade hoverflies (which are migrants from France), thick-thighed flower beetles and plenty of moths, grasshoppers and crickets.

Marmalade Hoverfly
Hornet Hoverfly
Oak Bush-cricket
Long-winged Cone-head
Meadow Grasshopper
Brown Silver-lines
Buff-tailed Bumblebee
Thick-thighed Flower Beetle
Bank Vole freeing itself from Bramble thorns
On the way back, we came across this vole trying to free itself from the thorns of a bramble patch. It appeared to be impaled and was trying to wiggle and gnaw it's way to freedom. It looked painful, but thankfully it escaped after a couple of minutes of struggle. I was so glad it was ok as I was never going to risk my hand from being mauled by the vole in attempt to rescuing it myself.

White-letter Hairstreak egg
While the group disbanded when we returned to the car park, a few of us remained a little while longer, discussing about wildlife with Andy. Meanwhile, the group's other bug hunter was busy searching the elm trees nearby. We were then called over when he found something very interesting attached to part of a twig on one of the trees. Now, if you look very carefully in this photo, can you see a tiny green disc in the centre of this twig? Believe it or not, that is an egg of a white-letter hairstreak butterfly! How on earth he saw that is beyond me, but according to him, this egg was laid fairly recently as they are normally much blacker in colour. What an incredible thing to find!